Mechanics and stress responses
Like other biological systems, plants are subjected to physical laws that can influence biological processes at all scales. Cell growth and organ morphogenesis rely on a balance of forces between the hydrostatic pressure within cells and tissues, and the mechanical properties of the surrounding cell walls. Solute transport through the vasculature depends on the generation and maintenance of root-to-shoot gradients of water potential. Increasing evidence also supports that plant responses to abiotic and biotic stresses also involve the perception of mechanical forces. At the interface between biology, physics and mathematics, biomechanics combines tools and concepts from multiple disciplines to elucidate the mechanical principles that determine plant structure and functions. In this session, we will cover the latest advances in the field of plant biomechanics from the molecular to the organismal scale.